A Brief note on Karbi Anglong District :

INTRODUCTION :

                            The people of Assam saw the birth of a new district i.e. the United Mikir and North Cachar Hills District on the 17th November'1951 . The new district was formally created on the aforesaid date vide Govt. notification No. TAD/R.31/50/201 Dtd. the 3rd November'1951 with some parts of the districts  of Sivasagar (now Golaghat), Nagaon,Cachar and United Khasi and Jayantia Hills district of present Meghalaya for all round development of the tribal folk of the Central Assam. This was followed by bifurcation of the erstwhile district of United Mikir and North Cachar Hills district into two seperate districts under banner as "Mikir Hills" and North Cachar Hills district in the year 1970. The Mikir Hill district was again rechristened as "Karbi Anglong District" w.e.f the 14th October'1976 vide Govt. Notification No. TAD/R/115/74/47 Dtd. 14-10-1976. Thus Karbi Anglong came into being as a full fledged separate district in the map of Assam with its Head quarter at diphu. The district enjoys autonomy under the provision of Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution. It is the Largest district of Assam.

LOCATION :

                            The Karbi Anglong Distrcit  is situated in the central  part of Assam. It is bounded by  Golaghat district in the east, Meghalaya and Morigaon district in  the west, Nagaon and Golaghat district in the north and N.C. Hills district and Nagaland in the south. The district with dense tropical forest covered hills and flat plains is situated  between 250 33'   N to 26035'  N Latitude and 92010'  to 93050'  E Longitude.

CLIMATE :

                            Due to variation in the topography, this hill zone experiences different climates in different parts. The winter commences from October and continues till February. During Summer, the atmosphere becomes sultry. The temperature ranges from 6 degree to 12 degree and 23 degree to 32 degree Celcius in summer. The average rainfall is about 2416 mm.

POPULATION PATTERN :

                                        The population of the district is predominantly tribal. The major tribal ethnic groups of this district are Karbis, Bodos, Kukis, Dimasas, Hmars, Garos, Rengma Nagas, Tiwas, Man(Tai Speaking’s). Besides, a large number of non-tribals also live together in this hill region.                                  

GEOGRAPHICAL :

           A ) RIVERS:

There are numerous rivers and tributories in this district. Among these, the most important are as named below :-

Sl.No.

Name of the River

 

Sl.No.

Name of the River

1

Kopili River

 

7

Nambor River

2

Amreng River

 

8

Deopani River

3

Borpani River

 

9

Jamuna River

4

Kolioni River

 

10

Patradisha River

5

Dhansiri river

 

11

Longnit River

6

Dikharu River

 

12

Doigrung River

          B) FORESTS.:

The forest area covered is about 4,922.019 sq. km with 14 State R.F. and 17 District Council R.F. in the district.

 

C) HIGHEST MOUNTAIN PEAK :

Even though, the district is dotted with hills, a few of which can be categorized into Mountain. Among them, the highest is the Singhason Peak which is at about 1360 metres above the sea level.

          D) NATURAL RESOURCES :

MINERALS : There are different kinds of minerals found in this hill district which are as below :-

      1. Lime stone :- Found in the Dillai and Sainilangso.
      2. China-clay :- Found in Upper Deopani and Silonijan area.
      3. Feldspar :- Found in Koilajan area.
      4. Coal :- Found in Koilajan and Silbheta.

 

AGRICULTURE :

The district is basically an agricultural district. Different types of agricultural crops are cultivated among which paddy is the main crop. Except for the valleys, the people follow the jhum system of cultivation.

ROADS AND COMMUNICATION :

The district is well connected with other districts through various routes. On the north it is covered by NH-36 and on the east by NH-39. The internal routes are covered by the P.W.D.

RAILWAYS :

The N.F. railways passes through the district touching only a few points along the boundary. They are Hawaipur, Lamsakhang, Borlangphar, Langsoliet, Nilalung, Diphu, Doldoloi, Dhansiri, Rongapahar, Khotkhoti and Bokajan.

AIRPORTS :

There is no airport in the district. The airport in Dimapur is 54 km away from Diphu being the nearest to the district.

INDUSTRIES:

       Although the district is abundant in raw materials only a few industries have come up. They are as shown below :-

A.  1.Bokajan Cement Plant ; 2. Karbi Chemical Mini Cement Plant ( under construction)

B.  AGRO-BASE :- 1. Rubber Plantation Industry ; 2. Citronella Plantation Industry ;

C. TEA GARDEN :- There are a total of 12 (Twelve) numbers of Tea Gardens in the district which are :

Sl.No.

Name of the Garden

 

Sl.No.

Name of the Garden

1

 Nambor T.E.

 

7

 Sobhoneswari T.E.

2

 Deopani T.E.

 

8

 Ramanagar T.E.

3

 Borpathar T.E.

 

9

 Lahorijan T.E.

4

 Dhansiri T.E.

 

10

 Lengri T.E.

5

 Banaspati T.E.

 

11

 Nirmal T.E.

6

 Methunguri T.E.

 

12

 Methoni T.E.

 

 

GENERAL DATA OF KARBI ANGLONG DISTRICT

1. Area (As per 2011Census)

Total

Rural

Urban

10,434 Sq.Km

10,397 Sq.Km

37 Sq. km.

 

2. a) Population ( As per Census 2011)

As per 2001 census

As per 2011 census

Parameters

Total

Rural

Urban

Total

Rural

Urban

Population

8,13,311

7,21,381

91,930

9,56,313

8,43,347

1,12,966

SC Population

29,520

26,977

2,543

44,961

39,936

5,025

ST Population

4,52,963

4,17,150

35,813

5,38,738

4,91,856

46,882

Male

4,22,250

3,73,300

48,950

4,90,167

4,31,924

58,243

Female

3,91,061

3,48,081

42,980

4,66,146

4,11,423

54,723

Literate

3,82,574

3,18,427

64,147

557214

4,70,110

87,104

 

2. b) Townwise Population, Literacy rate etc.. ( As per Census 2011)

Sl.No. Name of Town Class Population Sex Ratio Child Sex Ratio Literacy Rate
      Person Male Female     Person Male Female
1 Diphu Class-II 61,797 31,898 29,899 937 933 79.32 82.51 75.92
2 Bokajan Class-III 19,877 10,506 9,371 891 856 76.45 80.46 71.95
3 Donkamokam Class - V 9,116 4,604 4,512 980 987 71.86 77.11 66.51
4 Hamren Class - V 8,747 4,420 4,327 978 1069 72.64 76.54 68.66
5 Howraghat Class - V 5,443 2,733 2,710 991 880 81.19 83.75 78.60
6 Dokmoka Class - VI 5,478 2,772 2,706 976 1024 70.39 75.36 65.30

 

3. Density of Population : 93 per Sq. Km.( As per 2011 census)

4. Sex Ratio :- 956 females/1000 males ( As per 2011 census)

5. Total No. of villages: : 2928 (As per 2011 census)

6. Literacy Rate :

As per 2011 census

Total

Male

Female

58.27 %

64.11 %

52.12 %

7. District Headquarter: - Diphu.

8. Sub-Division :- 2 (Two) 1. Diphu (Sadar Sub-Division, H.Q.-Diphu)

2. Bokajan (Civil Sub-Division, H.Q-Bokajan)

 

[ West Karbi Anglong District:- Hamren Sub-Division, H.Q.-Hamren).

 

9. Police Station and Police Out-post (Sub-Division and P.S. wise):

District

Name of the Sub-Division

Name of the Police Station

Name of the Police Out Post

Karbi Anglong

1. Diphu Sadar Sub-Division

1. Diphu P.S.

1. Diphu Town O.P

2. Dhansiri O.P

2. Howraghat P.S.

1. Uttar Borbil O.P.

3. Manja P.S.

 

4. Bokulia P.S.

 

5. Borlongfer P.S

 

6. Anjokpani P.S.

 

7. Dokmoka P.S

 

8. Samelangso P.S.

 

 

 

 

 

Karbi Anglong

2. Bokajan Civil Sub-Division

1. Bokajan P.S.

 

2.Borpathar P.S

 

3. Dillai P.S.

 

4. Rongmongwe P.S.

 

5. Chowkohola P.S.

 

6. Deithor P.S.

 

7. Dolamara P.S.

 

8. Khatkhati P.S.

 

 

 

 

 

West Karbi Anglong

1. Hamren Sub-Division

1. Baithalangso P.S

1. Donkamokam O.P

2. Ulukunchi O.P.

3. Amtreng O.P.

2. Hamren P.S.

 

3. Kheroni P.S.

1. Mailo O.P.

4. Jirikingding P.S.

1. Makoilum O.P.

 

10. Border Out Post :- 10 (ten) (both for Karbi Anglong and West Karbi Anglong District)

(Assam-Nagaland Border)  

( Assam-Meghalaya Border)

1. Lahorijan.

2. Sankartilla

3. Monglamukh

4. Kashiram

5. Daujingphang

6. Rongapahar

7. Misibailum

 

1. Khanduli

2. Mokoiram  

3. Sabuda  

 

 

11. Development Blocks and its headquarters (Sub-Division-wise) :-

Sl.No.

District

Name of Sub-Divn.

Name of Blocks

Headquarters

1.

Karbi Anglong

Diphu Sadar Sub-Division.

1.

Lumbajong Dev. Block

Manja.

2.

Howraghat Dev. Block

Howraghat.

3.

Samelangso Dev. Block

Dokmoka

4.

Langsomepi Dev. Block

Bakulia

2.

Karbi Anglong

Bokajan Civil Sub-Division.

1.

Bokajan Dev. Block

Bokajan

2.

Nilip Dev. Block

Chowkihola.

3.

Rongmongwe Dev. Block.

Kat Teron.

1.

West Karbi Anglong

Hamren Sub-Division.

1.

Rongkhang Dev. Block.

Donkamokam.

2.

Socheng Dev. Block.

Zirikinding.

3.

Chinthong Dev. Block.

Hamren.

4.

Amri Dev. Block.

Ulukunchi.

12. Revenue Circle and its Headquarters (Sub-Division-wise) :

Sl.No.

District

Name of Sub-Division

Name of Revenue Circle

Headquarters

1.

Karbi Anglong

Diphu Sadar Sub-Divn.

1.

Diphu

Diphu.

2.

Phuloni

Phuloni

2.

Karbi Anglong

Bokajan Civil Sub-Divn.

1.

Silonijan

Silonijan

1.

West Karbi Anglong

Hamren Civil Sub-Divn.

1.

Donka

Donkamokam

13. Mouza (Sub-Division-wise) : -

Under Diphu Sub-Divn :- 14 Nos.

Under Bokajan Sub-Divn :- 5 Nos.

Under Hamren Sub-Divn. (West Karbi Anglong Dist) :- 5 Nos.

Sl.No. Name of the Mouza
  Karbi Anglong District West Karbi Anglong District
  Under Diphu Sub-divn. Under Bokajan Sub-Divn. Under Hamren Sub-Divn
1 Nomati Borjan - II Duar-Amla
2 Langpher Borpathar Block - I
3 Duardisha - I Sarupathar Block - II
4 Duardisha - II East Rengma East Rongkhang
5 West Rengma Duar Bagori West Rongkhang
6 Duar Dikharu    
7 Duar Bamuni    
8 Duar Salona    
9 Jamunapar    
10 Borjan - I    
11 Langlokso    
12 Phuloni    
13 Langhin    
14 Howraghat    

 

14.(A) State Reserve Forests :

Under Karbi Anglong West Division

Sl. No.

RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Dhansiri R.F.

770.38

2

Daldali R.F.

123.32

3

Disama R.F.

112.15

4

Kaki 1st Addition R.F.

121.49

Under Karbi Anglong East Division

Sl. No.

RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Mikir Hills R.F.

221.81

2

Kaliyani R.F.

208.96

3

Nambor R.F. ( N. Block)

53.09

4

Nambor R.F. ( W. Block)

166.33

5

Selabor R.F.

33.54

6

Sildharampur R.F.

15.75

7

Jungthung R.F.

32.56

Under Hamren Division (West Karbi Anglong)

Sl. No.

RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Amreng R.F. ( Addition)

56.94

2

Jokota R.F.

12.35

3

Rongkhang R.F.

33.39

(B) District Council Reserve Forests :-

Under Karbi Anglong West Division

Sl. No.

DISTRICT COUNCIL RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Miyungdisa D.C.R.F.

143.92

2

Tamulbari D.C. R.F.

13.86

3

Englongkiri D.C.R.F.

74.32

4

Borlangpher D.C.R.F.

77.31

5

Matipung D.C.R.F

33.00

6

Langsoliet D.C.R.F

1.60

Under Karbi Anglong East Division

Sl. No.

DISTRICT COUNCIL RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Longnit D.C.R.F.

117.62

2

Patradisa D.C. R.F.

67.33

3

Hidipi D.C.R.F.

20.08

4

Jamuna D.C.R.F.

11.30

5

Mahamaya D.C.R.F

5.58

6

Khanbamon D.C.R.F

165.50

7

Haithapahar D.C.R.F.

54.39

Under Hamren Division (West Karbi Anglong)

Sl. No.

DISTRICT COUNCIL RESERVE FOREST

AREA (In Sq. Kms)

1

Kolonga D.C.R.F.

17.35

2

Amreng 1st Addition D.C.R.F.

5.80

3

Amreng 2nd Addition D.C.R.F.

56.30

4

Sarchim D.C.R.F.

146.00

15. District Boundary :

A. Inter-District Boundary :

1. Karbi Anglong-Golaghat.

2. Karbi Anglong-Nagaon.

3. Karbi Anglong-Morigaon.

4. Karbi Anglong-N.C.Hills.

B. Inter-State Boundary :

1. Assam-Nagaland.

2. Assam-Meghalaya.

C. International Boundary : NIL.

16. Parliamentary Constituency : 1 (One) 3-Autonomous District (ST) Parliamentary Constituency

The Parliamentary Constituency comprising of 5(Five) L.A. segments namely :-

(1) 16-Haflong (ST)      [ N.C. Hills District ]

(2) 17-Bokajan (ST)     [ Karbi Anglong District ]

(3) 18-Howraghat (ST)         [ - do - ]

(4) 19-Diphu (ST) and          [ - do - ]

(5) 20-Baithalangso (ST).     [  West Karbi Anglong District ]

17. Legislative Assembly Constituency: 4 (Four)

Sl. No.

Name of the L.A.C.

1

17-BOKAJAN (ST)

2

18-HOWRAGHAT(ST)

3

19-DIPHU (ST)

4

20-BAITHALANGSO (ST)

 

(**Data include newly created West Karbi Anglong District also)